# Momentum and Impulse, Physical Science Game

What is the difference between momentum and impulse? For a start, momentum and impulse are similar, BUT not the same! They are similar in terms of the fact that they have the same units – i.e., mass times velocity. However, they are calculated in different ways. Want to learn more about the similarities and differences between momentum and impulse? Play this physical science game to practice the differences.

The Difference Between Momentum and Impulse
In physics, two fundamental concepts are known as momentum and impulse. Momentum is the change in speed of an object, and an impulse is the integral of force over time. Impulse can be characterized as the change in momentum from one point in time to another. In physics, both are important to understand and analyze collisions. Moreover, they can be used to predict the impact of an object on another. In this article, we'll examine how they relate and how they can help you learn more about this topic.
Momentum
When we speak about an object's momentum, we often refer to it as an impulse. This is because giving it an impulse changes its momentum. For example, if you kick a soccer ball, this force will change the ball's momentum. In order to determine the amount of force necessary to cause an object to change its momentum, you can plot the area under the force vs. time graph. It is important to note that the amount of force that is required to cause an object to change its momentum is known as its velocity.
Impulse
When a person or object moves, its speed is measured in meters per second, it has momentum. To calculate the momentum of an object, multiply its mass by its velocity. In addition to the definition of momentum, the two terms are closely related. An impulse is a change in momentum, and an object's speed changes as a result of an impulse. To change momentum, a force must be applied for a certain period of time.
Generalized momentum
Despite the similarity of their concepts, momentum and impulse are quite different. Although both involve the same laws of motion - Newton's second law of motion - they are calculated differently. Let's take a closer look at the difference between these concepts. Essentially, momentum is the product of mass and velocity, and impulse is the change of momentum over time. Unlike momentum, impulse is not based on an underlying physical principle, but rather on an individual phenomenon.
Air bags
The primary purpose of airbags in a car crash is to provide a reduction in the force experienced by the occupants of the vehicle in a collision. The impact forces in a collision are always constant, but the change in momentum and impulse are not. Airbags help by reducing the change in momentum and extending the time before the vehicle stops moving. Compared to collisions without airbags, these impacts are much less devastating.
Unbalanced force
When an object experiences an unbalanced force, its instantaneous velocity and momentum change. This change in velocity is called the impulse. The change in momentum will cause the object to accelerate. There are two types of impulses: the first is a downward impulse and the second is a forward impulse. A forward impulse is when the object accelerates rapidly, but without a corresponding increase in velocity.
Vector quantities
In physics, forces are not constant. Over time, forces that come from people or engines build up, making it difficult to calculate the total effect of these forces. In this case, the concept of impulse is important for understanding conservation of momentum. This article will review some of the terms used to measure these two quantities. Further, it will help to understand the relationship between these two quantities. The following table highlights important facts about impulse and momentum.