Flowers are bright, blooming things that bring life to any scene, but they also serve a vital role in nature. Many plants that we use for food, construction or shelter are grown from seeds, and seeds are produced from pollinated flowers.
When we think of flowers, we mostly think of their colourful petals. Petals look pretty for a reason; they attract pollinators such as birds, insects, bats and butterflies to feed on flower’s nutritious pollen.
Many flowers possess both male (stamen) and female (pistil) reproductive systems, and can fertilize themselves with the help of pollinators. Pollen is produced by the male parts, and kept on sticky tips called anthers. When pollinators come, some pollen is collected by the pistil, which initiates fertilization in the ovary at the base of the flower.
When the ovules in an ovary are fertilized, several changes occur. The flower will appear to die as the petals wither and fall off, while the ovary begins to enlarge. This process eventually leads to the creation of the flowering plant’s fruits and seeds.
This diagram of a flower labelling quiz can help you improve in identifying the different parts of a flower and better relate them to their corresponding functions in pollination and plant reproduction.